IDMT tripping time calculation:
Enter the TMS, Current setting and fault current, then press the calculate button to get the tripping time based on the relay characteristics setting.
IDMT Tripping Time Calculation:
Inverse Definite Minimum Time defines the tripping time of the relay according to its fault current. It consists of four classifications such as Standard inverse, Very inverse, extreme inverse, and longtime standard inverse.
Here the tripping sensitivity order will be Extreme inverse > very Inverse > Standard Inverse > Long Time Standard Inverse.
Here, long time standard inverse consist of least sensitivity and the extreme inverse consist of higher sensitivity.
According to IEC 60255 IDMT Tripping Time t(s) is equal to the Time Setting Multiplier (TMS) times of the curve constant k divided by the power of curve constant α of ratio of actual current I(A) in Amps to Current setting Is(A) in amps minus 1. Hence the formula can be written as,
T(s) = TMS (k / ((I(A)/Is(A)) α – 1))
The curve constant k and α will be changed based on the type of curves. But IEC rule 60255 defines the values of k and α could be considered as below.
|IEC 62055 Curve Constant|
|Long time standard inverse||1||120|
Also, the IEEE section C37.112-1996 defines the IDMT timing in seconds by the below formula,
t(s) = TD ((A / (I/Is)p – 1) + B)
here TD = TMS/7
A, B, p are the curve constant and I = Actual current in Amps and Is = Setting current in Amps.
|IEEE Tripping Curves Constant|
American standard IDMT relay tripping Calculation:
According to American standard the over current relay is classified based on the following,
- Definite minimum- CO-6.
- Moderately inverse – CO-7
- Inverse, CO-8.
- Very inverse – CO-9
- Extremely inverse – CO-11
The formula will be
t(s) = TD (0.18 + (5.95 / (I/Is)2 – 1))
IDMT Calculation Example:
Let us calculate the IDMT tripping time of the relay which carries 3A, and it have pickup current of 1 A. and the time dial is 1?
Relay Pickup Current: 1 (A)
Fault Current: 3 (A)
Time Multiplier Setting: 1
tripping Time: 6.302 (S)
Tip Curve: IEC 60255 Very Inverse
Tripping Time: 6.75 (S).
Tip Curve: IEC 60255 Extremely Inverse:
Tripping Time: 10 (S)
Tip Curve: IEC 60255 Long-Time Inverse:
Tripping Time: 60 (S)
Tip Curve: IEEE Moderately Inverse:
Tripping Time: 0.347 (S)
Tip Curve: IEEE Very Inverse:
Tripping Time: 0.42 (S)
Tip Curve: IEEE Extremely Inverse:
Tripping Time: 0.521 (S)
Tip Curve: US CO8 Inverse:
Tripping Time: 0.132 (S)
Tip Curve: US CO2 Inverse:
Tripping Time: 0.156 (S)