What is kidney failure and Blood test Reports

What is kidney failure?

Kidneys are the organs that filter or remove out waste products (urea, and creatinine, uric acid and etc) from our blood. They are the main responsible for regulating blood pressure (Normal blood pressure 80mmHg to 120 mmHg), electrolyte balance (Sodium, Potassium, Chloride and Bicarbonate), and RBC or Hemoglobin (red blood cell production) in our body.

Blood pressure Normal level: 80mmHg to 120 mmHg

Electrolyte Normal level:

Sodium: 135 – 145 milliEquivalents/liter (mEq/L)

Potassium: 3.5 – 5.0 millimoles/liter (mmol/L)

Chloride: 98 – 108 mmol/L

Bicarbonate: 22-30 mmol/L

Hb Normal level: 11- 13 mg/dL

Urea Normal level is 25 to 35 mg/dL

Creatinine Normal level is 0.8 to 1.3 mg/dL

Uric Acid Normal level is 3.4-7.0 mg/dL

 Image credit goes to Mr. BruceBlaus

This Image is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 4.0 International license.

In this (kidney failure), in My first report, I was in

BP: 160/240 mmHg

Sodium: 98 mEg/L

Potassium: 5.4 mmol/L

Chloride: 86 mmol/L

Bicarbonate: 16 mmol/L

Hb: 6.6 mg/dL

Urea: 105 mg/dL

Creatinine: 14 mg/dL

Uric acid: 5.6 mg/dL

How Doctors are confirming this:

  1. By Ultra Sound Scan gives 100 % accurate result, it shows the size of the Kidney
  2. CT scan gives 100 % accurate result. It shows entire size or the kidney
  3. By Blood test CBC and RFT 50 % accurate result,
  4. GFR test glomerular filtration rate (GFR)
  5. Biopsy


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